トップ憲政資料室の所蔵資料日本占領関係資料> GHQ/SCAP Records, Legal Section (LS)

GHQ/SCAP Records, Legal Section (LS)

GHQ/SCAP Records, Legal Section (LS)

資料群名(日本語仮訳)  法務局(略称:LS)文書

資料形態  マイクロフィッシュ

数量  41,429枚

憲政資料室における分類名  LS

歴史  法務局(LS)は、1945年10月2日、GHQ/SCAP の発足とともに設置された(一般命令第10号)。その任務は占領に関わる法律問題及び戦争犯罪に関する政策や手続きについて最高司令官に助言し、また戦争犯罪人の捜査・訴追を指揮することであった。ただし、いわゆるA級戦犯に関する任務は、1945年12月8日の国際検察局(IPS)の発足とともにその所管となった。
よって初期のLSの主な具体的任務は、(1)占領行政に関する法律問題全般、(2)IPSが所管しない戦時国際法及び慣例違反による戦争犯罪(いわゆるBC級戦犯。米軍によるマニラ裁判を担当するマニラ支局もあった。)に関すること(調査、資料の収集、戦争犯罪人及びその容疑者リストの作成・登録、逮捕、軍事委員会若しくは軍事法廷が依るべき法規及び手続きに関する提言等)、(3)軍事占領裁判所が依るべき法規及び手続きに関する提言などであったが、特に戦争犯罪に関係する業務に重点が置かれていた。このほか、豊田副武及び田村浩の裁判(いわゆるGHQ裁判)もLSが担当したが、1949年10月にはアメリカによる審理が終結し、戦争犯罪裁判関係の業務は縮小していった。
その一方、1948年春の組織改編で民政局(GS)から統治機構課と司法課が移管され、司法課は立法・司法課(Legislative and Justice Division)となった。このときGSから異動してきたオプラー(Alfred C. Oppler)が立法・司法課長となった。オプラーはその回顧録Legal reform in occupied Japan: a participant looks back 外部サイトへのリンク 1972 、『日本占領と法制改革』外部サイトへのリンク納谷広美、高地茂世訳 日本評論社 1990)の中で「私達は日本の法律及び司法の監督を担当し、法律課(Law Division)は、それ以外の全ての法律問題、とりわけ日本の立法に関係しない合衆国法及び国際法について連合国最高司令官に助言した。」(原書pp. 221-222、邦訳p. 192)とLS内での業務の切り分けについて記している。このように占領後半期のLSは、司法行政に対する助言、政治活動や経済活動、国際関係によって生じる法律問題の処理等が業務の中心となった。

受入  当館では、米国国立公文書館(NARA)でマイクロフィルムに撮影し、作製したマイクロフィッシュを1986〜1987年度に受け入れた。

主言語  英語

原資料の所在  米国国立公文書館(RG331)

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資料の構成

  • Office of the Chief 局長室
    Records of Trial May 1946- Nov. 1949
    Affidavits & Statements, 1945-49
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-49
    War Crimes Investigating Detachment (AFPAC) - Basic Personnel Records, 1945-46
    Basic Personnel Record Forms, 1945-46
    General File (Various Divisions), 1945-49
    Civil Affairs Economic Statistics, 1945-51
    Miscellaneous File (Various Divisions), 1942-51
  • Administrative Division 総務課
    Biographical Report on Japanese Personnel, 1945
    Investigation Reports for War Crimes, 1945-48
  • Statistical and Report Section
    Daily Gazettes to Summation of Non-military Activities in Japan and Korea, 1945-48
    Numeric File (Criminal Registry), 1945-49
    Legal Section Personnel - Alphabetical File, 1945-50
    General File, 1946-50
  • Public Information Branch
    Numeric Subject File, 1945-49
  • Administrative Division 総務課
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1946-51
    "Area" Case File, 1945-48
    Japanese Background and Reference File, 1945-48
    Judgements of Japanese Navy, 1942-45
    Foreign Investment Board Numeric File, 1949-51
    Validation Correspondence, 1950-51
    Acquisition of Property in Japan by Foreign Governments Subject File, 1948-49
    Requests for Interrogation, 1945-49
    Reports of Interrogation, 1945-48
    Numeric File, 1947-49
    Foreign Investment Board Reports, 1949
    Index to Correspondence File, 1948-50
    Correspondence File, 1948-50
    Miscellaneous File, 1949-50
    Foreign Business Investment Correspondence File, 1949-50
    Monthly Occupation Court Statistics, 1949-50
    Business Contracts, 1947-50
    Monthly Provost Court Reports, 1948-52
    Letter File, 1946-48
    Japanese Courts File, 1947-50
    List of Patents, 1928-46
    Miscellaneous File, 1949-50
    Documentary Evidence, 1946
    Closed Case Files, 1945-46
    P-201 Perpetrators and Suspected War Criminals, 1945-47
    Prisoner of War File, 1945-47
    War Crimes File, 1946-50
    Japanese POW Numerical File, 1946-51
    Passenger Reports of Japanese POW Numerical File, 1945-47
    Japanese Laws, Rules, and Regulations to POW's, 1941-44
    Suspected Japanese War Criminals, 1945-46
    Miscellaneous Interrogation, 1947-48
    Perpetration of Testimonies, 1945-47
    POW 201 File, 1945-52
    U. N. War Crimes File, 1945-48
    Parole Completed File, 1950-52
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-52
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1945-50
    Witnesses File, 1946-49
    Tamura Trial Records, 1948-51
    Check Sheets, 1945-51
    Commission Orders, 1946-49
    Reimbursement and Transportation File, 1946-52
    Correspondence File, 1945-49
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1945-49
    Military Commission Orders, 1946-50
    SCAP-Ins, 1945-51
    SCAP-In-A, 1946-52
    Coastal and Radio Stations, 1949-52
    Decimal File, 1945-52
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-50
    8th Army Circulars, 1945-50
    Miscellaneous File, 1947-50
    Documents and Maps, 1945-48
    Oriental Economic File, 1945-50
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1938-49
    Investigation and Interrogation Reports, 1945-48
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1945-48
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-48
    Tokyo Case File, 1945-48
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-48
    Decision and Judgement File, 1946-48
    Miscellaneous File, 1947-51
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1945-48
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1946-48
    Charges and Specifications, 1945-48
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-48
    Company Records, 1944-47
    Japanese Army Hospital File , n. d.
    Shipping Documents , n. d.
    Miscellaneous Japanese File, 1942-1948
    Japanese Navy Regulations, n. d.
    Miscellaneous File, 1940-48
    Subject File - Institutions Liquidating Committee, 1947-50
    Personal Name File - Institutions Liquidating Committee, 1947-50
    Miscellaneous File, 1939-49
    Perpetrators and Suspected Perpetrators , n. d.
    War Crimes File, 1945-
    Radio Messages, 1945-51
    Far Eastern Commission File, 1946-51
    Sugamo Prison File, 1945-51
    Transfer and Discharge, 1945-52
    SCAPIN Chronological File, 1945-51
    Summations of Non-Military Activities, 1945-48
    8th Army Reviews, 1946-50
    Cable and Radio Messages, 1946-50
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-48
    8th Army Reviews, 1946-51
    Check Notes and Letters, 1942-49
    201 File, 1945-50
  • Law Division 法律課
    Parole Board Documents, 1946-51
    Lists of Licenses, 1950-52
    FGA and FIB Licenses, 1949-52
    Japanese Government Validations, 1951-52
    Business Activity in Japan, 1951-52
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-48
    Military Letter and General Orders, 1945-52
    Far East Commands Circulars, etc., 1945-47
    Military Government for Germany, 1945-47
    Decimal File, 1945-51
    Miscellaneous File, 1946-49
    Radio Cables, 1945-50
    Fiscal Year Budget Estimate and Regulations, 1950-51
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1943-51
    Miscellaneous Classified File, 1945-52
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1945-52
    Japanese File, 1911-46
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1945-49
  • Legislation and Justice Division 立法・司法課
    SCAP-Ins, 1945-51
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-52
    Japanese Court Documents, 1946-50
    Japanese Government Miscellaneous File, 1946-51
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-51
    Japanese Statistical Reports, 1948-51
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-51
    Contemporary Japan File, 1940-50
    Statistics and Rules, 1947-51
    Official Gazette, 1950-51
    Year Books, 1939-44
    Laws, Orders and Document of Japan, 1944-51
    Miscellaneous Subject File, 1940-51
    Japanese Legislation File, 1946-5 1
    Case Files, 1947-51
    Miscellaneous Laws File, 1948-50
    Laws and Reports File (Japanese), 1947-51
    Miscellaneous File, 1946-51
    General Alphabetical File, 1946-52
    Chronological and Daily File, 1948-50
    Japanese Legislation File, 1946-51
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-52
  • Prosecution Division 訴追課
    Clemency Petition File, 1947-48
    USA versus Japanese War Criminals Case File, 1945-49
    USA vs. Japanese War Criminals Name File, 1945-49
    Philippines vs. various Japanese War Criminals Case File, 1947-49
    Trials in China (Index), 1945-49
    U.S. vs. Japanese War Criminals, 1948-49
    Numerical File - Fukuoka Branch File, 1948-49
    U. S. vs. Korean and Japanese War Criminals, 1945-49
    Philippines vs. Japanese War criminals, 1947-49
    Charges and Specifications, 1945-49
  • Investigation Division 捜査課
    Investigation Reports (#1-2795), 1945-49
    Investigation Reports (#1-2796 with volumes by report no.), 1945-49
    Recovered Personnel File, 1945
    Report, 150 (vol. 1-7), 1946-47
    Tokyo Kempei Tai Case, 1945-47
    Summary of Cases, 1945-49
  • Manila Branch マニラ支局
    Interpretation and Application of Laws - Numerical File, 1945
    U. S. vs. Japanese War Criminals, 1945-47
    Records of Trials, 1945-49
    Statements and Affidavits, 1945-49
    201 File, 1945-49
    Orders and Summaries, 1946-47
    Processing Papers Data, 1945
    201 File, 1945-48
    Miscellaneous Reports File, 1946
    Terrain Study, 1944-45
    War Crimes Trails Status Reports, 1945-47
    Statements and Affidavits, 1945-48
    Radiograms, 1945-49
    Basic Personnel Records File, 1945-47
    Records of Trail Exhibits, 1945-49
    Luzon POW Camp File, 1945-48
    Roster of Japanese Civilians and Prisoners, 1945-48
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-49
    Clemency Petitions, 1947-48
    SCAPINS, 1945-50
    Memorandum and Correspondence File, 1945-49
    Correspondence Decimal File, 1946-48
    Index of Cases - Illegal Acts by Japanese in the Philippines, 1945-47
    Miscellaneous Correspondence File, 1945-48
    Illegal Acts by Japanese in the Philippines, 1945-48
    Investigation and Reports File, 1945-49
    Miscellaneous File, 1945-49
    Identifications Photographs File, 1945-48
    Testimonies and Investigation File, 1945-48
  • Legislation and Justice Division 立法・司法課
    Japanese Laws and Ordinance File, 1884-1947
  • Various Divisions(諸課)
    Miscellaneous subject File, 1946-49
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