Standards (Materials available at Tokyo Main Library)
This page describes the standards available at the Tokyo Main Library and the resources on the internet. All of the handbooks or materials referred to on this page are available in the Business, Science and Technology Room. Please note that the Kansai-kan Library in Kyoto has more materials on standards.
Numbers shown in brackets 【 】 indicate the National Diet Library (NDL) call number. For materials which do not have call numbers shown, users need to search their titles via NDL Online, as their call numbers are different depending on the edition and volume.
Table of contents
1. Standards in Japan
1-1. JIS Standards
JIS (Japanese Industrial Standards) are national standards for industrial fields, based on the Industrial Standardization Act .
JIS standard numbers begin with "JIS", followed by an alphabetic character which represents the division, the JIS number (four or five digit number), and the year of enactment or revision (e.g., JIS X 0208:1997). When the standard is divided into several parts, a branch number is added (e.g., JIS K 7152-3:2006).
- "JIS Handbook" (Japanese Standards Association)(in Japanese)
- "JIS Handbook: English Version" (Japanese Standards Association)
Generally, the handbook contains the full text of the main JIS in related fields, but does not cover commentaries which are usually attached to the original standards. To determine which volume contains the standard you are looking for, use the "JIS so-mokuroku" (JIS Comprehensive Catalogue)(in Japanese), that contains indexes of standard numbers, divisions/fields, and names.
For selected standards, an English version is translated by the Japanese Standard Association (JSA) (please note that the translation is not considered official by the Japanese Industrial Standards Committee (JISC)). Please refer to the "JIS handbook yearbook" (Japanese Standards Association annual 【Z63-B784】) or the JSA webdesk to find out which standards have been translated into English.
JAS, Japanese Agricultural Standards, established by the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), are the national standards in the agriculture, forestry, fisheries and food industries, based on the Act on Japanese Agricultural Standards .
- "JAS Standards" (Japan Agricultural Standard Association)(in Japanese)
JAS standard books compile JAS regulations related to each standard. In order to find standards held by the NDL, please look them up on NDL Online with the standard name (in Japanese) and "JAS". (e.g., "ジャム類" AND "JAS")
1-3. Resources on websites
- JIS kensaku ( The Japanese Industrial Standards Committee )(in Japanese)
- Advanced search (Japanese Standards Association (JSA) Webdesk )
- List of JAS (MAFF)
- Organic JAS (MAFF)
JIS kensaku (JIS search) is the online database for searching JIS standards. You can search for currently valid JIS standards by their names, keywords or numbers. If you would like to view a full text of an original standard, you need a free subscription. Please be aware that there are no English versions available through the database.
You can search for JIS with their number, name (Japanese or English), etc. You can also see the table of contents, revision history, etc. in the search results page. The full text of the standard is not free, but you can purchase it on the page. If the standard is in the handbooks, those volumes will be listed in the detailed information column.
An English version of the title list of JAS is available on the ministry's website.
For some standards, English full texts are also available (jump to the website of a ministry's agency). List and full text of all JAS standards are provided only in Japanese.
The full texts of standards in English are provided on the ministry's website.
2. International Standards
2-1. ISO Standards
ISO Standards are international standards established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a non-governmental organization with a membership of national standards bodies around the world. ISO establishes various standards for all industries except the electric, electronic and telecommunications industries.
The number of each ISO standard starts with the letters "ISO", followed by the serial number and year of publication (e.g., ISO 9000:2005). If the standard is divided into several parts, a branch number follows after the serial number (e.g., ISO 10161-2:1997). When the standard number is followed by another code, it means the standard is co-established by the ISO and another standard body. (e.g., "ISO/IEC 27001" means the ISO and IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) co-established this standard.)
- "ISO Standards Handbook" (International Organization for Standardization)
Each volume, divided by field, has the full text of related ISO standards. At the beginning of each volume, the standard's number and name can be found in the table of contents. Some volumes have a subject index as well.
A list of standards in ISO Standards Handbooks in the Business, Science and Technology Room is available on the "Research Navi" website of the "ISO Standards".
Please note these handbooks were all published in the 1990s and 2000s. If you need the latest version, please search for the holdings at the Kansai-kan, which holds the most recent individual standards.
2-2. ASTM Standards
ASTM Standards are established and published by ASTM International, one of the biggest organizations for standardization in the world, and are widely accepted internationally as a reference for legal regulation.
Standard numbers consist of an ASTM Classification Code (A-G), a standard number and the last two digits of the year of establishment or revision. (e.g., ASTM D1688-07). If a standard number is accompanied by a year in ( ), that means the standard was reconfirmed in that year. If a lower case letter follows the standard number, that means the standard was revised twice or more in one year.
For example, "ASTM F2026-07a" means the standard "F2026" was established in 2007 and revised in the same year. If the letter is "b" or "c", that means the standard was revised twice or three times in the same year.
- "Annual Book of ASTM Standards" (ASTM International Annual 【Z63-B127】)
You can search for the ASTM standards on the ASTM International website by a standard number or keywords and find which volume contains the standard you are looking for.
2-3. DIN Standards
DIN Standards are national standards established by Deutsches Institut fur Normung (the German Institute for Standardization), and widely referred to internationally. The standards are written in German, but some of them have English versions. The NDL does not have any individual DIN standards established or revised after 1974, but some DIN handbooks, containing the full text of selected standards, are available in the Business, Science and Technology Room.
DIN standard numbers generally consist of "DIN", a number, and the year and month of issue or enactment (e.g., DIN 33943:2000-11). Other letters may be put before the DIN number, as in E DIN 18030, meaning the standard is a draft (Entwurf). Drafts may be revised before finalization. In other cases, V means provisional (Vornorm), Bbl means supplement (Beiblatt), A means modification (Anderung) and Ber means rectification (Berichtigung).
These handbooks are compiled by field and each volume contains the full text of major relevant standards. To find out which handbook contains the standard you are looking for, please search the website of Beuth Verlag , the official publisher of DIN standards, by standard number or name.
2-4. SAE Standards
SAE standards are industrial standards established by SAE International, based in the United States. They are major standards widely applied internationally in the fields of land transportation and aerospace equipment.
The SAE standards consist of "SAE", a letter, and numbers (e.g., SAE J2452) or sometimes "SAE" is omitted as in "J2452."
Via the SAE International website , you can search for SAE standards by number or name. The full text is not available, but you can see the outline, revision history etc.
- "SAE handbook on CD-ROM" (Society of Automotive Engineers 【YH247-486】)
In the Business, Science and Technology Room, a handbook on CD-ROM published in 2010 (the last issue) is available. Standards are in PDF format and the standard number is shown as the file name, as "SAE +alphabets+ number + v(version).pdf". For example, SAE standard J1029（Issued 1974-03, Revised 2007-01）will be shown as "saej1029v002.pdf". On this related "Research Navi" page ,you can find the contents of the 2010 SAE handbook.