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日本貿易の現状 = Foreign trade 2020年版

日本貿易会/2006-

当館請求記号:Z71-P993


目次


日本貿易の現状 -2020年版- 目次
Foreign Trade 2020 Index

  • 本論編 Main Chapter
    • I.
      貿易概況
      2
    • Overview of Trade
      3
      • 1.
        輸出:3年ぶりの減少、過去5番目の水準
        2
      • Exports: Exports down after growing for two years, fifth highest on record
        3
      • 2.
        輸入:3年ぶりの減少、原油価格下落で大幅減、過去5番目の水準
        4
      • Imports: Imports down after growing for two years, declined crude oil price contributes sharp drop, fifth highest on record
        5
      • 3.
        貿易収支と貿易総額:2年連続の赤字、貿易総額は155.5兆円
        6
      • Total Trade Value and Trade Balance (Customs-cleared Basis): Deficit for second consecutive year, Total Trade Value of \155.5 trillion
        7
      • 4.
        円レートの変化と貿易指数の動き
        8
      • Foreign Exchange and Trade Index Fluctuations
        9
        • (1)
          円レート:2年連続で円高が進行
          8
        • Foreign Exchange: Yen continues appreciating for second consecutive year
          9
        • (2)
          輸出指数:数量・価格ともにマイナスに転化
          8
        • Export Indices: Both export volume and unit value indices turn negative
          9
        • (3)
          輸入指数:数量・価格ともにマイナスに転化
          8
        • Import Indices: Both import volume and unit value indices turn negative
          9
      • 5.
        四半期別増減寄与 Quarterly Contribution
        10
        • (1)
          国別 By Country
          10
        • (2)
          商品別 By Commodity
          11
    • II.
      主要国別・地域別貿易
      12
    • Trade by Major Area and Country
      13
      • 1.
        アジア:貿易収支は3.9兆円の黒字、貿易総額は78.7兆円
        12
      • Asia: Balance of trade surplus of \3.9 trillion, Total Trade Value of \78.7 trillion
        13
        • (1)
          中国:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少、貿易収支は4年ぶりに赤字拡大
          14
        • China: Both exports and imports up after increasing for two years, balance of trade deficit expands after narrowing for three years
          15
        • (2)
          韓国:輸出は2年連続、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
          16
        • Korea: Exports down for second consecutive year, imports down after increasing for two years
          17
        • (3)
          台湾:輸出は横ばい、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
          18
        • Taiwan: Exports flat, imports down after two years of increase
          19
        • (4)
          ASEAN:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
          20
        • ASEAN: Both exports and imports down after two years of growth
          21
        • (5)
          タイ:輸出が3年ぶりに減少、輸入は横ばい
          22
        • Thailand: Exports down after increasing for two years, imports flat
          23
        • (6)
          インドネシア:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
          24
        • Indonesia: Both exports and imports down after two years of growth
          25
        • (7)
          その他アジア:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
          26
        • Other Asian countries: Both exports and imports down after two years of growth
          27
      • 2.
        米国:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        28
      • USA: Both exports and imports down after growing for two years
        29
      • 3.
        EU:輸出は3年ぶりに減少、貿易赤字は過去最大
        30
      • EU: Exports down after two years of growth, the highest trade deficit
        31
        • (1)
          ドイツ:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
          32
        • Germany: Both exports and imports down after increasing for two years
          33
        • (2)
          英国:輸出は7年ぶり、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
          34
        • UK: Exports down after increasing for six years, imports up after decreasing for two years
          35
      • 4.
        大洋州:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        36
      • Oceania: Both exports and imports down after growing for two years
        37
      • 5.
        中南米:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        38
      • Central South America: Both exports and imports down after increasing for two years
        39
        • (1)
          ブラジル:輸出は3年ぶりに減少、輸入は2年ぶりに増加
          40
        • Brazil: Exports down after increasing for two years, imports up after decreasing for one year
          41
        • (2)
          メキシコ:輸出は3年ぶりに減少、輸入は10年ぶりに減少
          42
        • Mexico: Exports down after increasing for two years, imports down for first time in ten years
          43
      • 6.
        ロシア:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        44
      • Russia: Both exports and imports down after increasing for two years
        45
      • 7.
        中東:輸出は2年ぶり、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
        46
      • Middle East: Exports down after increasing for one year, imports down after increasing for two years
        47
      • 8.
        アフリカ:輸出は3年連続の増加、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
        48
      • Africa: Exports up for third consecutive year, imports down after growing for two years
        49
    • III.
      主要商品別貿易
      50
    • Trade by Major Commodity
      51
      • 1.
        食料品:輸出は7年連続の増加、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
        50
      • Foodstuff: Exports up for seventh consecutive year, imports down for first time in three years
        51
      • 2.
        木材:輸入は3年ぶりに減少
        52
      • Wood: Imports down for first time in three years
        53
      • 3.
        鉱物性燃料:輸出は3年連続の増加、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
        54
      • Mineral Fuels: Exports up for third consecutive year, imports down for first time in three years
        55
      • 4.
        化学製品:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        56
      • Chemicals: Both exports and imports down after two years of growth
        57
      • 5.
        鉄鋼:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        58
      • Iron & Steel Products: Both exports and imports down after two years of growth
        59
      • 6.
        織物用糸・繊維製品:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        衣類・同付属品:輸入は3年ぶりに減少
        60
      • Textile Yarn, Fabrics: Both exports and imports down after two years of growth; Clothing & Accessories: Imports down after two years of growth
        61
      • 7.
        電算機類:輸出は2年連続の減少、輸入は3年連続の増加
        電算機類の部分品:輸出は2年連続の減少、輸入は3年連続の増加
        62
      • Computers & Units: Exports down for second consecutive year, imports up for third consecutive year; Parts of Computer: Exports down for second consecutive year, imports up for third consecutive year
        63
      • 8.
        半導体等電子部品:輸出入とも3年ぶりに減少
        64
      • Semiconductors etc.: Both exports and imports down after two years of increase
        65
      • 9.
        音響・映像機器:輸出は7年連続の減少、輸入は3年連続の増加
        66
      • Audio & Visual Apparatus: Exports down for seventh consecutive year, imports up for third consecutive year
        67
      • 10.
        通信機:輸出入とも2年連続の減少
        68
      • Telephony, Telegraphy: Both exports and imports down for second consecutive year
        69
      • 11.
        自動車:輸出は3年ぶり、輸入は4年ぶりに減少
        70
      • Motor Vehicles: Exports down after two years of increase, imports down after increasing for three years
        71
      • 12.
        船舶・航空機類:航空機類輸入は2年連続の増加
        72
      • Ships and Aircraft: Aircraft imports up for second consecutive year
        73
      • 13.
        科学光学機器:輸出は2年連続、輸入は3年ぶりに減少
        74
      • Scientific, Optical Instruments: Exports down for second consecutive year, imports down after rising for two years
        75
  • 資料編 Data Chapter
    • 1.
      2019年の日本の貿易 Japan's Trade in 2019
      78
      • (1)
        月別貿易 Exports and Imports by Month
        78
      • (2)
        貿易指数 Indices of Trade
        79
      • (3)
        商品別輸出 Exports by Principal Commodity
        80
      • (4)
        商品別輸入 Imports by Principal Commodity
        81
      • (5)
        地域別輸出 Exports by Area/Country
        82
      • (6)
        地域別輸入 Imports by Area/Country
        83
      • (7)
        地域別貿易収支 Trade Balance by Area/Country
        84
      • (8)
        国別貿易(2019年) Exports and Imports by Area/Country
        85
    • 2.
      貿易構造 Trade Structure
      90
      • (1)
        貿易額と伸び率 Trade Value and Growth
        90
      • (2)
        地域別輸出構成比 Ratio of Exports by Area/Country
        91
      • (3)
        地域別輸入構成比 Ratio of Imports by Area/Country
        92
      • (4)
        地域別貿易収支 Trade Balance by Area/Country
        93
      • (5)
        主要地域別貿易 Trade by Major Area/Country
        94
        • (1)
          対アジア貿易 Trade with Asia
          94
        • (2)
          対中国貿易 Trade with China
          96
        • (3)
          対米国貿易 Trade with USA
          98
        • (4)
          対EU貿易 Trade with EU
          100
        • (5)
          対中東貿易 Trade with Middle East
          102
      • (6)
        主要貿易相手先 Top 10 Trade Partners
        104
      • (7)
        貿易取引通貨別比率 Ratio of Trade by Currency
        106
      • (8)
        商品別輸出構成比 Ratio of Exports by Commodity
        107
      • (9)
        商品別輸入構成比 Ratio of Imports by Commodity
        108
      • (10)
        輸出入上位10品目 Top 10 Trade Commodities
        109
      • (11)
        製品輸入 Imports of Manufactured Products by Type
        110
      • (12)
        主要資源の輸入集中度(2019年) Major Resources-Dependency on Imports 2019
        111
      • (13)
        主要港別の貿易 Value of Trade by Port of Clearance
        112
      • (14)
        航空貨物主要商品別貿易 Air Cargo Exports and Imports by Principal Commodity
        113
    • 3.
      原油の輸入 Imports of Petroleum
      114
      • (1)
        輸入額・輸入量・輸入価格(通関ベース) Value, Quantity and Unit Value (Customs-cleared Basis)
        114
      • (2)
        地域・国別輸入構成比(数量ベース) Ratio of Imports by Area/Country (Quantity Basis)
        114
      • (3)
        OPECの動向 Recent OPEC Developments
        115
    • 4.
      為替相場 Foreign Exchange Rate
      116
      • (1)
        変動相場制移行後の円相場 Value of Yen after Introduction of Floating Exchange Rate System
        116
      • (2)
        2019年の東京外国為替市場 Foreign Exchange Rate in Tokyo interbank 2019
        117
      • (3)
        主要通貨の対ドル為替相場 Value of Major Currencies against the US Dollar
        117
    • 5.
      国際商品相場 Fluctuation of International Commodity
      118
    • 6.
      日本経済の動向 Developments in the Japanese Economy
      119
      • (1)
        景気の変化 Change of the Economic Condition
        119
      • (2)
        基調判断の変化 Assessment of the Current State of the Japanese Economy
        120
    • 7.
      技術貿易 Trade in Technology
      122
    • 8.
      国際収支(IMFベース) Balance of Payments
      123
      • (1)
        総括表 Summary
        123
      • (2)
        サービス収支 Services Balance
        124
    • 9.
      対外・対内直接投資(地域・業種別(2018年)) Outward/Inward Direct Investment breakdown by Area and Industry (2018)
      125
      • (1)
        対外直接投資(地域・業種別(2018年)) Outward Direct Investment by Area and Industry (2018)
        125
      • (2)
        対内直接投資(地域・業種別(2018年)) Inward Direct Investment by Area and Industry (2018)
        126
    • 10.
      経済協力 Economic Cooperation
      127
      • (1)
        わが国の経済協力 Japan's Economic Cooperation
        127
      • (2)
        わが国政府開発援助(ODA)の地域的配分 Japan's Distribution of ODA by Recipient Area
        128
      • (3)
        わが国政府開発援助(ODA)の受取国順位 Ranking of Top Recipients of Japan's ODA
        128
      • (4)
        日本が最大の援助供与国となっている国一覧 List of Countries in which Japan is their Top Donor
        129
    • 11.
      国際比較 Comparisons with Major Countries
      130
      • (1)
        貿易額 Trade Value
        130
      • (2)
        世界貿易に占めるシェア Share in the World Trade
        131
      • (3)
        貿易の商品構成 Details of Traded Goods/Services
        132
      • (4)
        貿易依存度 Trade Dependency
        133
      • (5)
        貿易特化係数 Trade Specialization Coefficient
        134
      • (6)
        交易条件 Terms of Trade
        134
      • (7)
        経常収支 Current Accounts
        135
      • (8)
        外貨準備高 Foreign Reserves
        135
      • (9)
        名目国内総生産 Nominal GDP
        136
      • (10)
        実質経済成長率 Real GDP Growth
        136
      • (11)
        その他の国・地域の実質経済成長率 Real GDP Growth in Other Areas/Countries
        137
      • (12)
        消費者物価上昇率 Changes in Consumer Prices
        137
      • (13)
        中央銀行政策金利等 Policy Interest Rate, etc.
        138
      • (14)
        各国とのFTAカバー率比較 Comparison of FTA Coverage Ratio
        139
    • 12.
      2019年の主な動き Development in Major Issues 2019
      140
    • 13.
      2020年の政治・経済の主な日程 Major Political/Economc Events in 2020
      148
    • 14.
      各国の貿易統計情報 Trade Statistics of Major Area/Country
      149
    • 15.
      わが国をめぐる経済連携協定の締結・交渉状況 EPAs etc. concluded or under negotiation by Japan
      150
    • 16.
      2020年度わが国貿易収支、経常収支の見通し
      152
    • FY2020 Outlook for Japan's Trade Balance and Current Account
      162